Iranian Saffron

Saffron has been known and appreciated as the noblest and most valuable of natural spices for thousands of years. Besides being used as a colorant and flavor and food and beverage preparations, it has found a variety of other applications.

Saffron is actually the triple branch stigmas of the beautiful lilac color saffron flower. It takes about 170 thousands flowers which would way around 100 kilograms to obtain just 1 kilogram of dry saffron.

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Saffron Types

Iranian Saffron is usually classified into four different shapes:

Bunched Saffron (Dasteh)1. Bunched Saffron:
This type of saffron also called “Dokhtar Peech” and “Dasteh” in Persian, Compromised of stigma and style (red part and white or yellow color part)
Red part should be measured about 70 to 75%

Cluster Saffron (Poushali)2. Cluster Saffron:
This saffron type also called “Pushal” and “Poushali” in Persian, Compromised of red stigmas (three joined filaments) plus some yellow style.

Cut Cluster Saffron (Sargol)

3. Cut-Cluster Saffron:
Completely clean red-color saffron, called “All-Red” saffron in English and “Sargol” or “SarGhalam” in Persian.
“Negin” is also a kind of cut cluster saffron, but a bit larger in size and it’s more luxury.

White Saffron (Konch)4. White Saffron:
Consists of the pale and white parts of stigma and some style, having high aroma but low color.
“Konch” or “Conch” is also a sub-type of white saffron, having less stigma and more style.

Every type of the above mentioned saffron types may be of 1st, 2nd grade or low quality type.

Saffron Benefits

Saffron has been used for many purposes for centuries. It’s said that originally it was used for colouring materials, until its benefit in food and medicine was discovered. Now, saffron is also used to increase a sense of well-being and exhilaration.

Here are some benefits of saffron:

Rice colored with saffron.

In foods:
Saffron is used as a spice, yellow food coloring, and as a flavoring agent. This pungent, aromatic spice is the world’s most expensive spice.

persian scarf colored with saffron

In manufacturing:
Saffron extracts are used as fragrance in perfumes and as a dye for cloth.

In Medicine:
Saffron as drugSaffron is used for asthma, cough, whooping cough (pertussis), and to loosen phlegm (as an expectorant). It is also used for sleep problems (insomnia), cancer, hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), intestinal gas (flatulence), depression, Alzheimer’s disease, fright, shock, spitting up blood (hemoptysis), pain, heartburn, and dry skin. Saffron is also used as an aphrodisiac and to induce sweating.

What is Saffron?

Saffron is an aromatic spice derived from the flower of Crocus sativus, commonly known as the saffron crocus. This spice is considered the most precious in the world, rich not only in color and flavor, but also in price.

Saffron Flower & threads

Saffron Flower & threads

Saffron is used in foods, medicine and manufacturing. Saffron has been used for centuries for its health benefits. It helps prevent and cure many diseases such as cancer, respiratory diseases, alzheimer, and depression. Eating saffron makes you laugh!

Iran now accounts for approximately 90% of the world production of saffron. However some europian countries import saffron from Iran, then repackage the spice under their own brands and sell it to the world.


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